The instrument rating includes 40 hours of Instrument Flight Training of which 20 are done in the simulator. During this phase of the training, all flights are simulated as charter flights with proper planning being required. All flights are provided with weather and require navigation logs, weight and balance and various other documents to be prepared.  During the simulator training, the emphasis is placed on decision making. All flights are subject to certain abnormal or emergency procedures which require command decisions to be made from the flight crew. During the training on the simulator, students are introduced to many types of equipment and instruments. This allows the Commercial Pilot to integrate easily into the commercial environment on any type of aircraft. Aircraft training is completed on the applicable complex circuit. 

During the instrument rating, many briefings are required to be completed to improve the knowledge and skills of the commercial and instrument-rated pilot. 

Our Final testing for the instrument rating is unique . Final testing is based on planning an actual charter flight provided by the SACAA Designated Examiner. This includes the weather and the planning of the route to be flown, including standard departures, arrivals and flying on airways. This type of testing ensures the commercial and instrument pilot is ready to work in the commercial environment.


For the aspiring professional pilot, or for the dedicated Private Pilot, the instrument rating takes you into the world of advanced flight, giving you the capability of flying, navigating and landing in weather conditions that keep the birds on the ground.

You will have encountered the basics of instrument flight during your night rating training, and these 10 hours of instrument time are counted towards your Instrument Rating training. From this base, you now learn radio navigation, controlled airspace communication, holding procedures, en-route risk management, approach and go-around procedures, transition to visual and landing in reduced visibility. Abnormalities and emergencies are continuously introduced and appropriate behaviour is emphasised.

Requirements for the issue of an Instrument Rating:

1. Hold a valid Private Pilots’ Licence (PPL) with a night rating

2. Have a Class 1 medical.

3. Pass the SA-CAA required examinations.

4. Completed 50 hours of cross country time as pilot in command (PIC).

5. Complete a minimum of 40 hours of instrument flight time, 20 of which may be completed on approved simulators. If a multi-engine instrument rating is sought, a minimum of 5 hours instrument flight time must be acquired in a multi-engine aircraft.

6. Pass a practical flight test, conducted by a Grade One Designated Flight Examiner (DFE).

7. Be the holder of a General Radio Telephony licence.

8. Make the relevant application to the SA-CAA, pay the required fee, and your licence will be endorsed accordingly.

It is worth mentioning that the effort required for a Private Pilot wanting to hold an Instrument rating  is almost as involved as completing the full CPL exams. therefore many of our Private Pilots who wish to hold an Instrument rating actually complete their CPL.

We offer training for both Single Engine and Multi Engine Instrument Ratings.

Flight Instruments